Work Culture in Indonesia: 10 Essential Tips for Foreigners

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Indonesia, a land of diverse cultures, welcomes foreigners with open arms. If you plan to work here, understanding the local work culture is key to a successful journey. In this blog, we’ll delve into the intricacies of work culture in Indonesia, offering valuable insights and real-world examples to help you thrive in the workplace and build strong relationships with your Indonesian colleagues.

work culture in Indonesia

Hierarchical Structure and Respect for Authority 

Hierarchical organization

Indonesian workplaces often follow a top-down hierarchical structure, where decision-making authority resides with those in higher positions. In traditional Indonesian organizations, leadership roles are respected and rarely questioned, and decisions made by superiors are seldom challenged. This hierarchical structure is deeply ingrained in Indonesian society and is influenced by the traditional values of respecting elders and authority figures.

In a corporate setting, you will often find a clear chain of command, with department heads and senior management holding significant decision-making power. It’s essential to recognize and acknowledge this hierarchy, as it establishes order and stability in the workplace.

Importance of respect

Demonstrating respect for authority figures is crucial in Indonesian work culture. Indonesians believe in showing respect to elders and those in positions of power as a sign of courtesy and cultural sensitivity. Using appropriate honorifics such as “Pak” for men and “Bu” for women when addressing superiors showcases respect and is considered a common practice.

In meetings or discussions, it’s customary for junior employees to wait for their superiors to express their opinions before sharing their own, as a way of showing deference and respect for their authority. When interacting with Indonesian colleagues, maintain a polite and humble demeanor, as it will be highly appreciated and foster positive relationships.

Politeness and Indirect Communication Style 

Politeness in interactions

Indonesians value politeness and courtesy in all communication. This emphasis on politeness is evident in both verbal and non-verbal communication. For example, it’s common to hear Indonesians use words like “please” and “thank you” frequently in their conversations, even in informal settings. When addressing colleagues, using appropriate titles and honorifics, along with a warm smile, is considered a respectful way of communication.

This politeness extends beyond the workplace and is deeply rooted in Indonesian culture. In public spaces or while interacting with strangers, you’ll notice that Indonesians are generally polite and respectful towards one another. As a foreign worker, adopting this polite and courteous approach will help you fit seamlessly into the local work culture.

Indirect communication 

Indonesians often use an indirect communication style to avoid direct confrontations and preserve harmony in relationships. This indirectness is deeply rooted in the cultural preference for maintaining a sense of collectivism and avoiding causing embarrassment or discomfort to others.

For instance, instead of saying “no” directly, they may express their reservations subtly or delay their response to avoid causing offense. Understanding this indirect communication style is crucial for effective communication and preventing misunderstandings in the workplace. If you find yourself in a situation where a colleague is being indirect, pay close attention to their non-verbal cues and use active listening to grasp their intentions accurately.

Work-Life Balance 

Valuing personal time 

Indonesians prioritize personal time and family commitments. Work is not seen as the sole focus of life but rather a means to support personal and family goals. Indonesian employees often make time for social gatherings, religious events, and family occasions, considering them equally important as work responsibilities.

Unlike some cultures that may prioritize work over personal life, Indonesians strike a balance between their professional and personal obligations. As a foreign worker, embracing this work-life balance is essential for assimilating into the local work culture. It’s not uncommon for colleagues to inquire about your well-being and family, and reciprocating these inquiries fosters a sense of camaraderie.

Flexible work arrangements

Many Indonesian companies offer flexible work hours or remote work options, promoting a healthy work-life balance. This flexibility allows employees to manage personal obligations while meeting work responsibilities. For instance, a foreign worker might be allowed to adjust their work hours to accommodate their family needs, enhancing work-life integration and overall job satisfaction.

This flexibility also reflects the understanding that employees have responsibilities outside of work and recognizes the importance of maintaining a harmonious work-life balance. Embracing and appreciating such work policies will show your commitment to adapting to the Indonesian work culture.

Teamwork and Harmony 

Embracing teamwork 

Indonesian work culture emphasizes collaboration and collective decision-making. Indonesians value working together as a team to achieve common goals, and the success of the group is often prioritized over individual achievements. In a team environment, every member’s contribution is valued, and ideas are openly discussed and debated to arrive at a consensus.

Collaboration and teamwork are highly regarded in the workplace, and you’ll often witness colleagues engaging in group discussions to brainstorm ideas or solve problems together. As a foreign worker, actively participating in team discussions, offering your insights, and respecting the opinions of others will demonstrate your commitment to teamwork.

Building trust and rapport 

Trust is the foundation of successful teamwork in Indonesian work culture. Indonesians prefer to work with people they trust and feel comfortable with. Building trust and rapport among team members is essential for fostering effective communication, cooperation, and synergy within the team.

A real-world example of building trust and rapport would be joining team-building activities or informal gatherings outside of work. These events provide opportunities to bond with colleagues on a personal level and develop deeper connections. Taking the time to build personal relationships with your Indonesian colleagues will help strengthen trust and promote a more collaborative work environment.

Leadership Approach 

Respecting seniority 

Indonesian work culture places high value on experience and seniority. Leaders, especially those with extensive experience, are often regarded as mentors who offer guidance and wisdom based on their years of work in the field.

Senior leaders are deeply respected and their opinions are sought after when making crucial business decisions. As a foreign worker, showing respect and deference to senior leaders, seeking their guidance, and recognizing their contributions will be appreciated and valued by your colleagues.

Paternalistic leadership

In some Indonesian workplaces, leaders may adopt a paternalistic approach, showing genuine care and concern for their team members. This leadership style goes beyond professional matters, as leaders may take an interest in their employees’ personal lives, well-being, and development.

During special occasions, such as religious holidays or important events in employees’ lives, leaders may express their well-wishes or even provide small gifts. This nurturing leadership style contributes to a positive and supportive work environment, fostering loyalty and a sense of belonging among team members.

Dress Code and Professional Appearance 

Dressing modestly 

Indonesians value modesty in attire, especially in formal settings. The dress code in the workplace leans towards conservative and professional attire. For instance, wearing long-sleeved shirts, modest dresses, and closed-toe shoes is common in corporate environments, especially for women.

Modesty in dressing reflects the cultural norm of maintaining decorum and professionalism in the workplace. As a foreign worker, adhering to the dress code showcases your cultural sensitivity and respect for local customs. When in doubt about the appropriate attire, observing what your Indonesian colleagues wear will serve as a useful guide.

Professional appearance 

Maintaining a professional appearance, such as being well-groomed and wearing appropriate business attire, is essential to make a positive impression in the workplace. Your appearance is often the first thing that colleagues and superiors notice, and it can significantly impact how you are perceived in the professional setting.

A real-world example could be a foreign worker who takes extra care in grooming and dressing professionally, showing that they value the importance of presenting themselves well at work. This attention to detail reflects professionalism and cultural adaptability, which will be well-regarded by Indonesian colleagues.

Business Meetings and Negotiations 

Punctuality and preparedness 

In Indonesian work culture, punctuality is highly regarded, and being on time for meetings is a sign of respect for others’ time. Arriving late for a meeting without a valid reason may be perceived as a lack of professionalism.

To make a positive impression during meetings, arrive on time and well-prepared. Being prepared demonstrates your commitment to the discussion at hand and your respect for the time of everyone involved. If you anticipate any delays, it’s courteous to inform the participants in advance.

Establishing rapport 

Before diving into business matters during a meeting, it is customary to engage in small talk. For example, asking about the weekend or recent events helps establish rapport and build relationships with colleagues. Taking the time to create a friendly and relaxed atmosphere sets a positive tone for the meeting and fosters a sense of camaraderie among participants.

As a foreign worker, engaging in small talk during meetings will help you build rapport with your Indonesian colleagues. Creating a comfortable and friendly environment will encourage open communication and a more productive discussion.

Work Ethics and Values 

Demonstrating diligence

Indonesians value hard work and dedication. A real-world example of demonstrating diligence would be a foreign worker who consistently puts in extra effort to complete tasks on time and to a high standard.

This diligence is recognized and appreciated in the workplace, contributing to the perception of the worker as someone committed and responsible. A strong work ethic is highly respected in Indonesian work culture and will be instrumental in gaining the trust and respect of your colleagues and superiors.

Loyalty to the company

Long-term loyalty to a company is highly regarded in Indonesian work culture. A real-world example could be a colleague who has been with the company for many years and is respected for their dedication and commitment.

Indonesians value loyalty as it signifies a strong sense of responsibility and dedication to the organization. Displaying loyalty to the organization contributes to a strong sense of belonging and commitment among employees, fostering a positive work environment.

Workplace Socializing and Networking 

Participating in events 

Actively participating in workplace social events, such as team outings or celebrations, provides opportunities to build relationships with colleagues outside of the formal work setting.

These social events offer a chance to connect with colleagues on a personal level and foster a sense of belonging within the team. A real-world example could be a foreign worker who eagerly joins in team-building activities or celebrates Indonesian holidays with their colleagues, showcasing their enthusiasm for bonding with colleagues and integrating into the workplace culture.

Showing interest

Demonstrating genuine interest in your colleagues’ lives and cultural backgrounds during social interactions helps establish meaningful connections. A foreign worker who actively engages in conversations, asks questions about their colleagues’ experiences, and listens attentively gains respect and acceptance in the workplace.

Building personal connections outside of formal work settings strengthens the overall workplace dynamic and promotes a collaborative and harmonious work environment.

Cultural Adaptation 

Embrace local customs

Cultural adaptation involves respecting local customs and traditions. For example, a foreign worker may join in celebrating Indonesian holidays or festivals to embrace the local culture.

Engaging in traditional practices, such as attending company gatherings or participating in local festivities, showcases respect for Indonesian culture and helps build bridges with colleagues. Embracing local customs demonstrates a willingness to integrate into the local community and fosters cultural understanding.

Open-mindedness and learning

Being open-minded and willing to learn from local colleagues’ experiences and perspectives can enrich your understanding of Indonesian culture and work practices. A foreign worker who approaches new experiences with an open mind demonstrates cultural sensitivity and adaptability.

Taking the time to learn about the local customs, traditions, and social norms enables effective communication and fosters mutual understanding between foreign workers and their Indonesian counterparts. Embracing the diversity of Indonesian work culture will not only help you succeed professionally but also create lasting friendships and memorable experiences.


Mastering the nuances of Indonesian work culture is vital for foreign workers seeking a successful and enriching professional journey. Embracing the hierarchical structure, practicing politeness, fostering teamwork, and adapting to the local customs will strengthen your integration into the workplace. By demonstrating respect for authority, embracing work-life balance, and engaging in social events, you’ll build positive relationships and experience the warmth and camaraderie of Indonesian work culture. Cultural adaptation, open-mindedness, and a willingness to learn will enhance your overall experience as you navigate the diverse and vibrant work culture of Indonesia.

Remember, taking the time to understand and embrace these aspects of Indonesian work culture will not only lead to a rewarding professional journey but also foster long-lasting relationships and fond memories of your time working in this dynamic and hospitable nation.

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