Vietnam

Employer of Record & PEO in Vietnam

Hire & manage teams remotely in Vietnam without a local entity. We handle HR compliance, payroll & taxes so you can focus on your business.

Native Language

Vietnamese

Employee Protection

High

Payroll Frequency

Monthly

Capital city

Hanoi

Termination

Hard

Internet

Slow

Currency

Dong (VND)

Immigration

Easy

English Speaking

50-60%

Population

96.21 Million

Employment Cost

High

Cost of Living

Low

How NNRoad Employment & PEO Services Work?

NNRoad provides professional employment organization (PEO) & employer of record (EOR) services for companies looking to hire and manage teams in Vietnam. Registering a legal entity in Vietnam as a means for employment is an outdated practice that takes both time (months) and money (thousands of USD). NNRoad’s employer of record and PEO services enable companies to hire and manage employees in Vietnam in full accordance with local labor laws in under a week.

➊ You interviews & select the candidates you want to hire in Vietnam.

➋ NNRoad arranges a local labor contract between your new employee and NNRoad.

➌ NNRoad arranges a service contract between your organization & NNRoad.

➍ NNRoad hires the chosen candidates locally in Vietnam in full compliance with local employment laws.

➎ You maintain a normal working relationship and manage your team in Vietnam while NNRoad manages payroll & HR liabilities.

Advantages of NNRoad's Employment Services

  • We are the nominal employer to hire staff selected by you
  • We oversee onboarding and offboarding formalities
  • We take care of payroll, benefits, and taxes
  • We manage the expense claims
  • We handle labor dispute cases

Employment Compliance in Vietnam

Taxes & Payroll in Vietnam

Employee Income Taxes:

Tax residents in Vietnam are subject to the Vietnamese individual income tax on their worldwide income. The income for this category is calculated with a progressive tax rate system. 

Non-residents, on the other hand, are subject to a personal income tax at a fixed rate on income earned in Vietnam or on income related to Vietnam throughout the tax year, as well as at various different rates on non-employment income. However, this must be weighed against the rules of any applicable double taxation agreement (DTA).

Tax Brackets

Annual taxable income (in million VND)

5%: VND0 – VND60
10%: VND60 – VND120
15%: VND120 – VND216
20%: VND216 – VND384
25%: VND384 – VND624
30%: VND624 – VND960
35%: VND960 and above

Sample Calculation

Yearly income = VND140 million
15% * 20,000,000 = 3,000,000
10% * 60,000,000 = 6,000,000
5% * 60,000,000 = 3,000,000
3,000,000+6,000,000+3,000,000 = 12,000,000
Yearly income tax = VND 12 million

Employer Costs in Vietnam

Both employers and employees in Vietnam are required to contribute to social insurance. There are three types of mandatory social security in Vietnam: social insurance, health insurance, and unemployment insurance.

Employer Contributions:

17.5% – Social insurance (including sickness, maternity, occupational diseases and accidents, retirement, and death)
3% – Health insurance
1% – Unemployment insurance
2% – Trade Union Fund (only for corporate employers)

Employee Contributions:

8% – Social insurance
1.5% – Health insurance
1% – Unemployment insurance

Working Hours in Vietnam

Working Hours

Employers in Vietnam must give employees a minimum of 1 full day off per week. Normally, the Vietnamese work week is Monday – Friday, 8  hours a day, 40 hours a week.

Overtime Laws & Regulations

The time and date that employees are engaged may trigger and influence overtime compensation. Weekends, public holidays, and night hours—defined as 10:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m.—are all common triggers for overtime beyond regular working hours. If a company triggers overtime, it will be obligated to compensate employees beyond the wages outlined in their contract. The following are the percentages in excess of standard that are to be applied:

Weekday, day time: 150%
Weekend, day time: 200%
Public holidays, paid leave days: 300%
Weekday, night time: 30% above aforementioned rates

Benefits & Insurance in Vietnam

All employees in Vietnam are required to have three forms of insurance:

  • Social insurance: This sort of insurance includes a variety of benefits for employees, including sick leave, maternity leave, benefits for work-related accidents and diseases, pension allowance, and mortality allowance.
  • Health insurance: This permits employees to go to authorized medical facilities for medical examinations and inpatient and outpatient treatments.
  • Unemployment insurance (which will take the place of severance pay): Workers will be paid an amount based on the period of time they have worked and how much their former employers contributed. The monthly unemployment benefit is equal to 60% of the average salary earned in the previous six months.

Termination Laws in Vietnam

If an employee dies, goes missing, loses civil capacity, reaches retirement age, is sentenced to prison, or is banned from performing the job by a court ruling, the labor contract ceases by operation of law. It also comes to an end if the company goes out of business.

Unilateral termination

The unilateral termination can be used in five situations by an employer:

  • The employee does not follow the provisions of the contract, the collective bargaining agreement, or the company’s internal rules when doing the work. Employers should keep in mind that the assignment must be specified in detail in the contract. After receiving two written warnings within one month, the employee may be fired.
    After a set amount of time, depending on the type of contract
  • The employee has been on leave due to illness or an accident. For an indefinite contract, this is 12 months; for a definite-term contract, it is six months; and for a seasonal contract, it is half the contract duration. If the employee’s health improves after termination, the employer should think about rehiring him or her.
  • The company needs to scale down or reduce staff due to fire, natural disaster.
  • If an employee is called to military service, is in detention, has been sent for forced re-education or drug rehabilitation, is pregnant, or has agreed to a suspension with the employer, a labor contract can be stopped for absences of 15 days or more.
  • Because of structural or technological developments, economic reasons, or a merger or consolidation, the company needs to lay off personnel.

Notice Period

Employers in Vietnam must provide employees with a minimum statutory notice period of 45 days if the contract is for an indefinite term and 30 days if the contract has a definite term.

Severance pay

Severance pay is available to employees who have worked for the company for more than 12 months. For each year working at the company, the severance amount is half a month’s salary. Salary is defined as the average monthly payment received by an employee over the previous six months, including all payments other than base wage.

Public Holidays in Vietnam

Public Holidays in Vietnam

  • New Year’s Day – January 1
  • Tet Nguyen Dan – From January 31 to February 4
  • Hung Kings Temple Festival – April 10-11
  • Reunification Day – April 30
  • Labour Day – May 1-3
  • National Day Holiday – September 1-2

Paid Leave in Vietnam

Employees are entitled to 12 days of paid vacation (excluding holidays) and an additional day for every five years of service.

Employment Contract in Vietnam

Labor Contract

Employers in Vietnam are required by law to sign an official employment contract with new hires. This contract reviews the terms of the employee’s compensation, benefits, and termination requirements in details. Offer letter and labor contracts in Vietnam should always mention the salary and bonuses (if applicable) in Vietnam dong.

Probation Period

Probation in Vietnam can last anywhere from 6 to 60 days, depending on the employee’s qualifications and education. During the probation term, an employee’s wage must be agreed upon by all parties, but it must be at least 85 percent of the job’s wage.

Types of Leaves in Vietnam

Sick Leave

Employees on sick leave in Vietnam are entitled to a monthly benefit given by the Social Insurance Fund. The employee must provide a medical certificate from a medical facility.

Maternity Leave

The Vietnamese Social Security Authority pays 6 months of paid maternity leave as part of the country’s maternity leave rules.

Paternity Leave

A male employee who pays social insurance fees is entitled to 5 to 14 days of paternity leave. Paternity leave is paid by the Social Insurance Authority and is equal to 100 percent of the previous month’s earnings.

Childcare Leave

Employees are eligible for 20 days of parental leave per year for children under the age of three, and up to 15 days per year for children aged four to seven.

Immigration Laws in Vietnam

Immigration Requirements

A foreigner must get a visa from the Vietnamese Embassy or Consulate in order to enter Vietnam. A Vietnamese visa can be obtained in a third country or in Vietnam itself. However, to work in Vietnam and remain for an extended period, foreigners need to apply for longer-term three-month single or multiple entry visas.

The application for a work visa should ideally be filed 15 days prior to the start of the foreign worker’s employment with the provincial Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs (MoLISA). Work permits can take up to ten business days to process. Workers/foreigners cannot apply for a work visa on their own; they must enlist the help of their Vietnamese employers.

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